|Toyota Land Cruiser FJ 60 Series (1980–1990)
1980 Toyota introduced the 60 series. While still retaining the
rugged off-road characteristics of previous Land Cruisers, the 60 was
designed to better compete in the emerging sport utility vehicle market.
The 60 was given a variety of comforts like air conditioning, a rear
heater and an upgraded interior. The FJ60's "2F" petrol engine was left
unchanged from the "40" series while six-cylinder 4.0 litre 2H and
four-cylinder 3.4 litre 3B diesel engines were added to the product line.
1981 - Land Cruiser sales surpassed 1 million and a high-roof version
was introduced. The 60 was introduced to South Africa when a stock Land
Cruiser competed in the Toyota 1000km Desert Race in the punishing wilds
1984 - This was the final year for the 40. Specialist suppliers of
aftermarket parts and restorers who return old FJ40s to better-than-new
condition replace Toyota dealers as the main source of Land Cruiser
1984 - Alongside the 60, the Toyota LandCruiser 70 Series were
1985 - The Direct-injection 12H-T and 13B-T turbodiesel engine were
1988 - The petrol engine was upgraded to a 4.0-litre 3F-E EFI engine.
The FJ62G VX-Series was introduced allowing the Land Cruiser to be sold in
Japan as a passenger vehicle.
1990 - The 80 series station wagon was introduced, replacing the 60.
The 80 was initially offered with a choice of three engines; the 3F-E
six-cylinder petrol engine, a six-cylinder the 1HZ diesel and 1HD-T direct
1990 - All 80s sold in North America and Europe now have a full-time
four-wheel drive system. In Japan, Africa and Australia, a part-time
system was still available. 80s produced between 1990 and 1991 had an open
centre differential which was lockable in 4HI and automatically locked in
4LO. From 1992 onward, vehicles with anti-lock brakes had a viscous
coupling that sent a maximum of 30% torque to the non-slipping axle. The
differential was lockable in 4HI and automatically locked in 4LO.
The Sixth and Seventh generations of the Land Cruiser are still being
produced and sold in African and Latin American regions, Venezuela is one
of them, the Sixth generation is sold under the nickname of "Machito"
(MACHO in Spanish is a very strong man, MACHITO is his son) and the
Seventh being nicknamed "Autana" (After a mountain in the Gran Sabana
region of Venezuela). The 70 series (6th generation) is
also still marketed in Australia as 4-door medium wheelbase, 2-door 'Troop
Carrier' and 2-door utility.
Yoshiwara, Aichi, Japan
4-door station wagon
Layout Front engine, four-wheel drive
L I4 3B diesel
3.4 L I4 13B-T diesel turbo
4.2 L I6 2F petrol
4.0 L I6 3F petrol
4.0 L I6 2H diesel
4.0 L I6 12H-T diesel turbo
4.2 L I6 1HZ diesel
4.2 L I6 1HD-T diesel turbo
4-speed manual H41F or H42F
4-speed automatic A440F
5-speed manual H55F (non-US)
mm (107.5 in)
mm (184.1 in)
mm (70.9 in)
1750 mm (68.9 in)