Descending down into the valley to the low areas, we found the mud.
One of the interesting features of this landscape comes from the days of
mining where thousands of tons of "slag" would be excavated from
underground and piled everywhere. Pennsylvania has a long
geological history of sedimentation where you'll find lots of fossils in
the coalbeds and limestone. Today in these locations, fossils are
scattered everywhere. Almost anywhere you'll find mining debris on
these trails, you'll likely find fossils from the Paleozoic age.
Warm, shallow seas covered much of the state through the early
Paleozoic, when Pennsylvania lay at the eastern edge of Laurentia
continental plate. The seas teemed with marine organisms whose fossils
can be found today in many rocks throughout the state.